What to watch out for and what you can do
Typically, antidepressants side effects will be temporary. For most people the initial side effects will not be serious. However should the symptoms persist or in anyway interfere with physical, mental or emotional functioning abilities, immediately contact the prescribing physician. These are powerful medications, which is why prescriptions are needed.
This article covers the antidepressants side effects of Anafranil, Prozac, Luvox, Paxil, Zoloft, Marplan, Nardil, Emsam, Eldepryl, Zelapar, Parnate and what you can do to get through the initial symptoms
The antidepressant side effects of Anafranil
Click on the boxes below to view the steps you can take to combat the initial effects. Severe symptoms are listed underneath the box
DRY MOUTH —it is helpful to drink plenty of water, sipping it through out the day. Chew sugarless gum and additional brushing of teeth can be helpful
Constipation—adding or increasing the intake of bran cereals, prunes, fruit, and vegetables in diet can help
Bladder problems—emptying the bladder completely may be difficult, and the urine stream may not be as strong as usual. Older men with enlarged prostate conditions may be at particular risk for this problem. The doctor should be notified immediately if there is any pain or discomfort.
Sexual problems—sexual functioning may be impaired. If this is worrisome or the condition persists, it should be discussed with the doctor.
Blurred vision—this is usually temporary and will not necessitate new glasses. Glaucoma patients should report any change in vision to the doctor
Dizziness—Medications change your body chemistry, meaning you may have to change your approach in even the simplest of activities. Rising from the bed or chair more slowly is helpful
Drowsiness as a daytime problem—this usually passes soon. A person who feels drowsy or sedated should not drive or operate heavy equipment. The more powerful antidepressants are generally taken at bedtime to help sleep and minimize daytime drowsiness
Increased heart rate—pulse rate is often elevated. Older patients should have an electrocardiogram (EKG) before beginning tricyclic treatment
Some weight gain is be expected for long term use of Anafranil
Seek immediate medical attention if any of these SEVERE side effects occur using Anafranil:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision or other vision changes; changes in sex drive; chest pain; confusion; decreased sexual ability; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever; flushing; frequent or difficult urination; impulsive behavior or other unusual changes in behavior; mental or mood changes (eg, increased anxiety, mood swings, agitation, irritability, nervousness, restlessness); numbness or tingling of the skin; panic attacks; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe dizziness or drowsiness; sore throat; stomach pain; suicidal thinking or behavior; swelling of the testicles; tremor; trouble sleeping; trouble walking or keeping your balance; twitching of the face or tongue; uncontrolled movements or stiffness of arms and legs; unusual bleeding or bruising; worsening of depression; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
The antidepressant side effects of Prozac, Luvox, Paxil, Zoloft
Click on the box below to view the steps you can take to combat the initial effects. Severe symptoms are listed underneath the box
Long term side effects of SSRI’s are insomnia, weight gain and sexual dysfunctions
Headache—this will usually go away after a short time.
Sexual side effects are common in both men and women, but reversible. Consult a doctor if condition persists
Nausea—may occur after a dose, but it will disappear quickly.
Nervousness, heightened anxiety and insomnia (trouble falling asleep or waking often during the night)—these may occur during the first few weeks; dosage reductions or time will usually resolve them.
Agitation (feeling jittery)—if this happens for the first time after the drug is taken and is more than temporary, the doctor should be notified.
Any of these side effects may be amplified when an SSRI is combined with other medications that affect serotonin. In the most extreme cases, such a combination of medications (e.g., an SSRI and an MAOI) may result in a potentially serious or even fatal “serotonin syndrome,” characterized by fever, confusion, muscle rigidity, and cardiac, liver, or kidney problems.
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur when using Prozac, Luvox, Paxil, or Zoloft
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bizarre behavior; black or bloody stools; chest pain; confusion; decreased concentration; decreased coordination; exaggerated reflexes; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; hallucinations; memory loss; new or worsening mental or mood changes (eg, agitation, panic attacks, aggressiveness, impulsiveness, irritability, hostility, exaggerated feeling of well-being, restlessness, or inability to sit still); persistent or severe ringing in the ears; persistent, painful erection; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; seizures; severe or persistent anxiety or trouble sleeping; severe or persistent headache or dizziness; significant weight loss; stomach pain; suicidal thoughts or attempts; tremor; unusual bone pain or unexplained swelling, tenderness, or bruising; unusual bruising or bleeding; ; unusual weakness; vision changes; worsening of depression.
Marplan, Nardil, Emsam, Eldepryl, Zelapar, Parnate side effects
The small number of people for whom MAOIs are the best treatment need to avoid taking decongestants and consuming certain foods that contain high levels of tyramine, such as many cheeses, wines, and pickles. The interaction of tyramine with MAOIs can bring on a sharp increase in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke. The doctor should furnish a complete list of prohibited foods that the individual should carry at all times. Other forms of antidepressants require no food restrictions. MAOIs also should not be combined with other antidepressants, especially SSRIs, due to the risk of serotonin syndrome.
Because of side effects and safety concerns, MAOIs are most often tried when other antidepressants don’t work. The side effects of MAOIs can include:
- Daytime sleepiness
- Low blood pressure
- Dry mouth
- Altered sense of taste
- Muscle aches
- Weight gain
- Reduced sexual desire or difficulty reaching orgasm
- Erectile dysfunction
- Difficulty urinating
- Prickling or tingling sensation in the skin
DANGER - Antidepressant side effects increase when mixing Medications
Medications of any kind, prescribed, illegal, over-the-counter, or herbal supplements, should never be mixed without consulting your doctor; nor should medications ever be borrowed from another person. Other health professionals who may prescribe a drug, such as a dentist or other medical specialist, should be told if the person is taking a specific antidepressant and the dosage. Some drugs, although safe when taken alone, can cause severe and dangerous side effects if taken with other drugs, including alcohol (wine, beer, and hard liquor) or street drugs. These may reduce the effectiveness of antidepressants and their use should be minimized or preferably, avoided by anyone taking antidepressants. Some people who have not had a problem with alcohol use may be permitted by their doctor to use a modest amount of alcohol while taking one of the newer antidepressants. The potency of alcohol may be increased by medications since both are metabolized by the liver; one drink may feel like two.
Withdrawal symptoms may occur if stopping an antidepressant too abruptly. Discontinue antidepressants under the guidance of a health professional. Gradual withdrawal is advisable.
With any antidepressant medication exists an increased risk of suicidal thoughts